Monday, March 16, 2020

Analysis Of Gold Coast Tourism And Sunshine Coast Tourism Essay Example

Analysis Of Gold Coast Tourism And Sunshine Coast Tourism Essay Example Analysis Of Gold Coast Tourism And Sunshine Coast Tourism Essay Analysis Of Gold Coast Tourism And Sunshine Coast Tourism Essay The rapid growing of touristry industries over the last few decennaries has seen the outgrowth of new tourer attractive force finishs and this has had rather a figure of important importances in assorted parts. For case, in Australia, there are assorted touristry attractive force finishs which have in the yesteryear spearheaded the economic growing of this state in the sense that they offer employment chances, pull foreign investing, consequence into the saving of the natural environment, and let communities to bask the use of their regional natural resources and conserve their heritage. However, there are discrepancies in the degrees of economic importance as is evident with Gold Coast Tourism and Sunshine Tourism which are both found in Queensland part. A comparing between these tourers attractive force finishs revealed that Gold Coast attracts legion visitants which make it to incur many disbursals as compared to Sunshine Coast. All the same, Sunshine Coast Tourism has gained a higher degree of economic importance in the Australian part as compared to the Gold Coast touristry. This study intends to offer a comparative analysis of these two Australian touristry industries and offer recommendations that would spearhead touristry growing in Queensland part. Comparative Analysis of Gold Coast Tourism and Sunshine Coast Tourism Introduction Tourism plays a really important function in the economic system of Australia where it contributed approximately 2.6 % to the Australian gross domestic merchandise ( GDP ) and 4.5 % to the employment of this state in the financial 2009-2010. With approximately 46 % of the touristry outgo in Australia being spent in assorted regional countries, coastal touristry is deemed to be of considerable significance to Australia s many regional communities. Therefore, to set up the grade of touristry importance in Queensland, this study intends to gauge the economic importance of Gold Coast Tourism and Sunshine Coast Tourism across the Australia s touristry parts. The study will: Compare the value of each of these touristry industries to the local economic system, and Rank each of them with regard to their comparative importance to the local economic systems Composition of Australia s touristry parts Basically, Australia has eighty four touristry parts and each touristry part comprises of rather a figure of SLA ( statistical local countries ) as the Australian Bureau of Statistics defines in audience with district and province touristry organisations. Despite the handiness of assorted other touristry parts, this study yearns to carry on a comparative analysis between two of the Queensland Australia s touristry parts viz. the Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast. Queensland regional touristry industries seem non to be of equal size, touristry outgo, end product or even visitants Numberss ( Pambudi, 2009 ) . In fact, all these comparative factors can greatly change from a given part to another as will be discussed in the undermentioned subdivisions. Gold Coast Tourism Gold Coast has traditionally been celebrated by the vacation shapers because of its arresting natural environment and assorted semisynthetic attractive forces. The Gold Coast leisure assets presently seem to be the cardinal market drivers in the capital popularity with many corporate delegates seeking multidimensional concern event experiences. The impressive modern event and convention installations are simply the starting point for the Australia s Gold Coast. The professional and infrastructural support services in this tourers part are comparable to the other metropoliss in the universe. However, Gold Coast is regarded exceeding when the overall touristry experience is perceived ( Page A ; Connell, 2006 ) . For case, this touristry attractive force Centre offers concern integrating pristine coastline equivalent to 70 kilometres, 100,000 hectares of universally listed heritage rain forest ; more theme Parks when compared to anyplace in the southern hemisphere ; immense balls of pr ivate islands, over 600 coffeehouses and eating houses ; 800 adjustment locales every bit good as canals of about 500 kilometres, which are all found within 40 proceedingss drive from each other. In kernel, the dichotomy of the high tourer attractive forces and substructure which cater for both meeting and leisure sections have made Gold Coast to be considered as one of the most coveted Asia Pacific s resort finishs. Gold Coast Tourism towns and merchandises Gold Coast is unusually known for its wide beach, Burleigh Heads, Coolangatta, Main Beach, Southport, and Surfers Paradise. Basically, the wide beach offers rather of eating houses, coffeehouse and big shopping promenades. The wide beach besides has a beautiful flaxen beach that is backed by attractive Kurrawa Park which is well perfect for everybody. In fact, there are parklands and tracts where tourers can loosen up and roll every bit good as an low-cost kids s park coupled with digesting moving ridges for the surfboarding partisans ( Jones A ; Phillips, 2011 ) . More frequently, there are unrecorded amusements within the Parkss along with appealing art and trade markets where books, apparels, knickknack, trades, jewelry, and gifts are sold. However, cardinal to the Gold Coast Tourism success in the past old ages has been the sing friends and relations alongside the concern markets. Furthermore, holiday trial is deemed to stay the most dominant beginning for the parts domestic visitants. Over the last old ages, the vacation trials has significantly remained to be the predominating beginning of domestic tourer or visitants for the Queensland part with the degree of trial marginally increasing ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010a ) . Truly, touristry serves as the cardinal anchor to the Gold Coast City s life style, community, and economic system. From golf classs and international resorts to theme Parkss, this metropolis has attracted many touristry enterprisers worldwide to come and capitalise on the Australia s prima excitement ventures and sunny-days touristry finishs. Gold Coast Competitive Advantage and SWOT analysis The resort and hotel skyline of this celebrated breaker metropolis is really iconic. There exist adjustment which cater for all budgets get downing from mountain retreats and luxury resorts to bivouacing land and backpacker adjustment. Gold Coast huge touristry substructures are underpinned by matchless arrays of built and natural attractive forces. The pristine rain forest parts serve as the place to the wellness retreats, mountain trails, art galleries, trade stores and wine makers which await visitants seeking for a peaceable green agitate off from the metropolis s universe celebrated beaches normally found at the Gold Coast. This metropolis s touristry industry is widely supported by dedicated programmed events which exposes the touristry operators to ample concern chances. The events include blues on broadbeach, gustatory sensations of the Gold Coast, Gold Coast endurance contest, and the New Year eve jubilations ( Page A ; Connell, 2006 ) . Furthermore, Gold Coast is besides s een as a stylish finish for the concern tourers who recognize this coastal metropolis as a vibrant, safe, and friendly topographic point to partake in meetings and conferences. Harmonizing to Lee and Spisto ( 2001 ) , the strength of this touristry attractive force centre besides rely on the strategic location which allow it to use the metropolis s two comparative international airdromes that permits visitants entree into the metropolis via the Brisbane airdrome and Gold Coast airdrome. In fact, the Brisbane airdrome provides the riders a direct connexion to 39 domestic and 26 international finishs. With its diverse leisure and concern merchandises offerings, Gold Coast frequently attracts international and Australian visitants twelvemonth unit of ammunition thereby contradicting the seasonal troughs and extremums traditionally experienced by the seaside locations. The entrepreneurial investings civilization in this metropolis, sub tropical clime, community support for ideal touristry development together with the profile and size of the touristry industry set the Gold Coast Tourism to be in a less competitory operating environment. However, Gold Coast touristry is faced with failings such the deficit of cultural touristry experiences and merchandises ; over trust on all right conditions status experiences ; much concentration on the development of adjustment substructure every bit good as the misperception of the Gold Coast City as being excessively touristed, surfboarders Eden and merely belongs to surf and sun. Despite holding failings, there are legion chances in Gold Coast touristry ( Tourism Research Australia, 2010 ) . These include advanced and new touristry icons and merchandises ; nature based touristry in Gold Coast metropolis coastal and Hinterland parts ; niche market development ; advanced retail experiences ; stressing the links between Gold seashore life style and beach civilization every bit good as turning the international air services and leisure focused air hoses. Regardless of the robust domestic market, Gold Coast Tourism is threatened by the high volume and low output markets which consequences from urban conurbation, population growing and loss of the valued major events. There is every bit the absence of crisis and catastrophe direction touristry programs ; deficiency of inventive, universe category touristry substructure and merchandises ; safety and offense jobs alongside the planetary market competition in relation to the other touristry finishs both in abroad and in Australia ( Commonwealth of Australia, 2010 ) . The environmental debasement ensuing from the failure to efficaciously pull off the Gold Coast assets transporting capacity, besides posses important menaces to the available tourers attractive force finish. Sunshine Coast Tourism Merely as the name suggests, in Sunshine Coast, there are scintillating Waterss, elating positions, warm conditions and seductive sundowns which merely wait to welcome the tourers from Coolum, Noosa, and Caloundra along the coastal line to the enrapturing Montville, Mapleton, Mary Valley and Maleny all which are found on the backwoods. With some of the globally best beaches in add-on to the picturesque backwoods which is merely a few proceedingss off, this touristry attractive force finish offers of course reviewing sites that friends and households would likely long to see and bask. For illustration, being located about 100 kilometres north of Brisbane ; Sunshine Coast incorporates assorted beach side towns which extend to the Glass Mountains. Furthermore, this tourer attractive force finish offers a huge assortment of leisure and touristry merchandises which range from waterways and coastal beaches to national Parkss, quality eating houses, universe category resorts, scenic backwoo ds countries, and assorted other good reinforced tourers attractive forces. Sunshine Coast is found within the easy range of Brisbane which can be accessed through route or rail via the Bruce Highway ( Buckley, 2011 ) . Actually, the part supports the domestic airdrome at Maroochydore while Sunshine Coast airdrome hails the direct flights from Melbourne and Sydney. Sunshine Coast Competitive Advantage and SWOT analysis Sunshine Coast part is deemed to be amongst the quickly turning parts found in South East Queensland. This coastal part faces multifaceted challenges in serving the hereafter visitants and occupants demands peculiarly with respect to the basic substructure services and conveyance. Despite the fact that touristry is seen to be the largest current subscriber to the gross regional merchandise by about 16.4 % in Sunshine Coast part, investing in touristry related substructure alongside touristry merchandises has non been to the full utilised to run into the regional visitants future demands. However, in Australia, Sunshine Coastal part has a quickly spread outing touristry industry and population base which ideally provides domestic market for the offered touristry merchandises. This tourists part surfaced over the last few old ages from a really prevailing rural community to a immensely developed and urbanised part. All these occurred due to coastal countries increasing development which paved manner to the turning touristry industry. Furthermore, Sunshine Coast touristry is a celebrated leader in presenting diverse touristry experiences in a stylish, natural and friendly environment where the visitants can reconnect, loosen up and re-energize. The Sunshine Coast touristry attractive force finish has farther been recognized both globally and domestically for its sustainable development and direction of the assorted natural attractive forces and assets along with its moneymaking touristry ventures ( Jones A ; Phillips, 2011 ) . Finally, the effectual planning and policy coordination ; strong community support ; an incorporate cohesive industry and the consumer service civilization of the Sunshine Coast touristry has enabled this industry to present the visi ons long embraced by most touristry industries, and these organize the footing for its competitory advantage. Although Sunshine Coast Tourism offers beautiful touristry finish attractive forces and chances to all parties, the industry every bit has failings and menaces that revolve around its day-to-day operations. Basically, the strengths of this touristry appealing finish is seen in the series of proffered cultural activities such as the museums, historical topographic points, galleries in add-on to the quality and figure of surfing beaches, rivers, national Parkss, and the fashionable sub-tropical coastal finish. The increasing tenancy rate in the past six old ages for all types of adjustment coupled with fast entree to the island has vastly created an increased demand for the commercial adjustment every bit good as touristry merchandises and installations. However, this tourer finish point has legion failings including atomization of the conveyance services which emerge due to deficiency in incorporate conveyance webs ; deficiency of diversenesss in the proviso of adjustment options like the high terminal and low terminal adjustment options, and hapless signage ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010b ) . The eminent higher proportions of unoccupied private homes, deficiency of critical mass touristry attractive forces besides the closing of most tourist attractive force centres over the last old ages has significantly contributed to the overall failing of the Sunshine Coast touristry. Conversely, there are looming chances such as the placement of Sunshine Coast Tourism as a planetary caput in sustainable touristry ; the strong natural attractive forces which lend themselves to the merchandise development chances that consists of the experience based nature activities and attractive forces ; chances to put in the saving and protection of the natural attractive forces alongside the emanating chances to develop more conferences, events and run intoing locales that encompass possible cultural precincts. More touristry chances besides arise from the development of an mixture of adjustment options to accommodate and run into the single mark markets needs, and constructing up farther rhythm touristry substructure within the part to supply the linking webs like the rhythm waies, trails, trip terminal installations, and motorcycle lanes which link the activities centres to the tourers attractive force parts ( Tourism Research Australia, 2010 ) The high population growing rate coupled with possible environmental debasement seems to be some of emerging menaces that Sunshine Coast Tourism faces. However, this coastal touristry part besides lacks quality merchandises to adequately back up the beach and coastal lifestyle image. The lost impulse to develop committednesss on bettering the conveyance substructure and the competition from market challengers such as Gold Coast and assorted other rivals every bit turn out to be feasible beginnings of market and operational menaces for Sunshine Coast Tourism. Market cleavage and laterality Since Australia s local touristry industries are non of equal size, the figure of visitants, touristry outgo and end products tend to change significantly from one part to the other. However, in the full Queensland part, the Gold Coast is apparently one of the Australia s most lively touristry finishs. For case, in the financial 2010, the international and domestic touristry outgo totaled to $ 4.528 billion which could be slatted into $ 2.1 billion and $ 2.428 billion severally. In footings of economic importance, Gold Coast Tourism had a evaluation of 6.4 % when compared 6.7 % accorded to the Sunshine Coast Tourism ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2009a ) . Further, the entire touristry outgo for Sunshine Coast was $ 2.458 billion despite holding a higher market evaluation in footings of economic importance of touristry in Queensland part. The entire end product for both of these coastal touristry finishs besides differed in the fiscal twelvemonth 2010 based on the fact that the sum recorded by Gold Coast Tourism about doubled that which was recorded by Sunshine Coast Tourism. In the financial 2010, Gold seashore had a basic monetary value entire end product equivalent to $ 51.870 billion whereas Sunshine Coast Tourism had $ 27.056 billion. Therefore, in footings of regional importance, Sunshine Coast is ranked figure 16, one point above the Gold Coast which is placed figure 18 whereas the outgo and end product evaluation saw Gold Coast Tourism ranked foremost in Queensland part. Furthermore, based on the domestic regional comparing for the twelvemonth ended December 2010, the entire figure of visitants in the Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast were 3,396,000 and 2,604,000 severally. This gave rise to an one-year alteration in the figure of visitants of 6 % and -3 % for Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast in that fiscal twelvemon th ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2009b ) . The vacation per centum for these touristry finishs were equal at 59 % while some discrepancies were witnessed in their concern projects whereby, Gold Coast had a concern advantage per centum of 9 % as compared to 6 % reported by Sunshine Coast. The figure of darks spent by the visitants besides significantly varied across this financial period where Gold Coast had a sum of 13,755,000 darks which brought about 1 % one-year alteration and -0.1nights change in comparing to Sunshine Coast 2010 one-year record of 10,186,000 darks which resulted into -12 % one-year alterations coupled with -0.4 darks alteration ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010c ) . Further differences were noticed in the degrees of length of stay and vacation trial per centums in which Gold Coast reported 4.1 and 59 % by the twelvemonth terminal 2010 whilst Sunshine Coast had 3.9 and 59 % in that order severally. Finally, the domestic regional comparing showed that Gold Coast accounted for 20 % of the entire per ce ntum portion of visitants to the Queensland while Sunshine Coast merely justified 16 % . At the international degrees, Gold Coast had an one-year alteration of 0 % in the figure visitants ; 5 % one-year alteration in the figure of darks and a holiday trial per centum equivalent to 78 % . On the other manus, Sunshine Coast had a 2 % one-year alteration in the figure of visitants ; 3 % one-year alteration in the figure of darks alongside a vacation trial per centum equivalent to 80 % . Nevertheless, in footings of international concern operations, Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast reported concern growing per centums of 5 % and 2 % while at the same realized 40 % and 14 % in the figure visitants per centum portion in Queensland. Annually, the estimated sum grosss for Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast are $ 1.2 billion and 0.9 billion ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010c ) . Recommendations and decisions While coastal touristry is perceived to significantly lend to the Australian economic system, the existent grade of touristry importance tends to change from one part to another. Basically, the degree of importance seems non to wholly depend on size of that peculiar regional touristry industry as has been witnessed in the instance of Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast. In footings of the one-year concern operations, Gold Coast Tourism appears to be in the head in every undertaken activity as compared to the Sunshine Coast Tourism but they are all globally recognized touristry finish attractive force points. It is hence recommended that Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast touristry merchandises should avoid being excessively touristy by merely offering breaker and Sun experiences but the purpose should be to offer nature based experiences like rain forests, wildlife and beach experiences amidst leting for chances to run into the local characters, connect with the local communities every bit good as experience local cordial receptions.

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre :: Bronte Jane Eyre

The situation when Jane in locked in the Red Room occurs because she has retaliated against John Reed hitting her and the fact that she is being punished for doing so. The mere fact that she is being locked in the Red Room can already accumulate sympathy within the reader because she is seemingly being very unfairly punished whereas her cousin John has attacked her already and managed to escape any punishment whatsoever. However in the events leading up to being locked in the room, the reader could not feel sympathy for Jane Eyre as she did in a way bring the punishment upon herself for attacking Mr. Reed in the first place. If she has not retaliated she would have not been locked in the room. Most readers however probably do feel sympathy for her as she was acting more in self-defence. She was also unfairly spoken too as they were dragging her to the room itself as they say things like ‘she's like a mad cat' and do not seem to be letting her give an explanation at all for her ac tions, and only listening to what John had too say. They make sure that she knows her place by telling her that ‘You are under obligation to Mrs. Reed' and that she is ‘less than a servant'. These are not kind words and the reader will probably feel sympathetic as she is being treated as a worthless object. The room that she is sent too is a dark and unpleasant place with memories of the dead Mr. Reed. For a child of Jane's young age it would seemingly be very distressing for her, and with the added experience of her seemingly seeing a ‘ghost' of some kind, it would be a terrible experience. Even if the reader has not felt sympathy for Jane before this incident they would surely feel so now, as she is in a distressing situation alone. When Jane first screams out for help from someone it does seem as though people are coming too help her as Bessie and Abbot come to open the door and ask her what is wrong and what has made her cry for help.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

240 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

240 - Essay Example George needed his son to aid him construct a new house during the summer. However, due to their strained relationship, Sam makes it his mission not to aid his father with the house’s construction George presents himself badly to his neighbours. For instance, during the first scenes, George is shown peeing into the ocean. Subsequently Alyssa and her mom Coleen see him naked. Consequently, Coleen gets mad or angry and goes to inform him that she (Coleen) does not like it when George pees in front of her daughter. Sam had an inadequate or wanting self-concept and identity. However, George considered himself to be an architectural models fabricator who is excellent at his work. Initially, George and Sam present themselves to other people poorly. Sam for instance is a drug addict who tries to be a male prostitute. This image portrays them negatively to other people. In the movie life house, George, Sam, peter and robin had poor communication skills. As such, they communicated poorly with one another. Undoubtedly, good communication is an essential element for any relationship to be successful. Poor communication led to George and robin breaking up. Additionally, the same element of poor communication led peter and robin to grow apart while Sam despised them all. Therefore, the barriers to communication between George and his Sam were many. First, distance acted as the primary barrier to effective communication. Sam and his father George were separated and lived in different areas. For instance, Sam lived with his mother and stepfather while his father lived alone. Distance made them to communicate or interact less often. Secondly, attitudinal barriers prevented Sam form interacting with his father. Attitudinal barriers are as a result of the receiver of the message letting his or her attitude get in the way of the message (Bolton 2009). Attitud inal barriers can also be simply explained as an unwillingness to communicate. For instance, Sam

Saturday, February 1, 2020

Effective Presentation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Effective Presentation - Essay Example Leveraging reputation many times means reminding others of one’s past perhaps through stories. Character shows that one is a 3 dimensional human, with a few flaws. It presents them as affected by the same problems and pressures as others and then shows their virtue and values. Credibility depends on expertise and how this is portrayed. For people to believe you, they need to see that you believe in yourself. It requires one to talk as if they cannot be challenged and shows others to look up to them. Pathos appeals to the emotions of those listening, seeking to excite them or rouse their interests. One can do this by appealing to the values of the people. For example, one can tell stories of poor values and how they harmed innocent people. Most people involved in dubious charity organizations to uplifting the living standards of the poor in developing countries, use pathos to convince their sponsors. Ethos is then used to show ones values and how important other people are to you. The approach, though very inhumane, seems to work as people in developing countries have become rich through using funny methods such as the poor as their stepping stone to richness. You can also work with their goals and interests and perhaps challenge their beliefs. It involves use of language to affect emotions. Touching on the emotions of the people is the easiest way to win them over, and this trait makes pathos a great way of persuasion. Logos focuses on the argument. It uses cool logic and rational explanations and evidences to convince listeners. Scientific proof is based on empirical evidence so that if one argues without evidence, a scientist would dismiss the argument as metaphysical. Evidence cannot be refuted, it is difficult to deny without bringing up the question of its validity. It can include statistics, pictures or even recounted experience. It may also be evoked when giving evidence to give

Friday, January 24, 2020

Stereotyping and Profiling Based Upon Religion Essay -- Islam, Religio

Living in America we deal with a lot of diversity, especially those in the criminal justice degree program where situations caused by diversity can lead to a problem. Stereotyping is one of the biggest problems that we deal with, particularly in law enforcement. There have been many allegations of police officers accused of going after individuals and accusing them of a crime based on the sole fact of what their religious beliefs might be. This has been going on for a long time; however in recent years, it has gotten worse. The main job of police officers is to uphold the law, not to break it. Although stereotyping is not against the law, police officers have taken an oath to protect all human beings, regardless of their race or religion and stereotyping based on religion should not take place. Just because an individual is of a certain race dose not give us the right to stereotype them as a bad human being. Fred Edmund Jandt (2003), the word â€Å"stereotype† was first used to show the judgments made about individuals on the origin of their racial background. Today the expression is more commonly used to pass on to events made on the basis of a groups association. Psychologists have attempted to give explanations of stereotyping as errors that our brains make in the judgment of other people that are related to those mistakes our brains make in the view of illustration illusions. When information is blurred, the brain frequently reaches the incorrect conclusion. (p.77) Fred Edmund Jandt (2003), is the practice of racial profiling stereotyping? Profiling refers to a law enforcement carry out of scrutinizing of certain persons based on characteristics thought to classify an option of illegal activities. Example, a person traveling a... ...inar strips away cultural stereotypes. Pittsburgh Tribunei-Review. Retrieved October 30, 2008, from Jandt, F. E. (2003, July 21). Barries to intercultural communication. In An introduction to intercultural communication (4th ed., pp. 77,79). Sage Publications, Inc. Retrieved October 28, 2008, from,M1 Morgenstern, H. (n.d.). Suicide terror - fire fighters response. In Suicide terror - fire fighters response [Fact sheet]. Retrieved October 28, 2008, from

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Origin of Eukaryotes

* The origin of eukaryotes is important to understand the origin of modern complex cells. There are three main separate theories that hypothesize the origins: the three-domain system, eocyte theory, and endosymbiosis. Each one have there own merits and evidence supporting. These theories suggest the evolution of cells from the most primitive prokaryotes, unicellular organism having cells lacking membrane-bound nuclei, to the most complex eukaryotes, single or multicellular organisms with a membrane enclosed nucleolus and organelles. The Three Domain Hypothesis refers to the proposal by Carl Woese in 1990 that; archaebacteria form a monophyletic group, this clade is sufficiently different from all other prokaryotes to deserve elevation to a separate Domain called Archaea (the other two Domains are Bacteria and Eukarya each arising from a progenote), eukaryotes are more closely related to archaebacteria than to other prokaryotes, and the root of the universal tree of life lies in the branch leading to Bacteria. The three-domain system met with some opposition on the differences between archaea and bacteria. Research of large subunits of RNA polymerase, some aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aspartyl, leucyl, tryptophanyl, and tyrosyl), and outer membrane molecules distinctions indicated that Woese was right in the classification and that these organisms were so genetically distinct (in the 165rRNA genes and differences in cell structures) that they needed their own domains. * In the 1984 James Lake theorized eukaryotes evolved from a specific group of ancestrial archea, the eocyte. The idea that eukaryotes could have arisen from a lineage of prokaryotes, using expanded molecular sequence datasets and phylogenetic approaches. Using a matrix of amino acid sites, traditional methods such as maximum parsimony resulted in the 3-domains topology, but an eocyte tree was obtained when maximum-likelihood and Bayesian analyses were performed. In sum this analyses provide support for the eocyte tree, rather than the 3-domains tree. This is supported by the concept that eukaryotic nucleo-cytoplasm evolved from within archaebacteria. Eukaryotes would have had to replace their old lipid synthesis with a eubacterial-type system since the operational genes of eukaryotes are primarily eubacterial, not archaebacterial (National Academy of Science of the United states 2008). Eukaryotes are seen as an evolutionary marvel for they can pack hundreds of energy-generating mitochondria into a single cell. Hundreds of millions of years ago, eukaryotes formed permanent colonies in which certain cells dedicated themselves to different tasks, such as nutrition or excretion, and whose behavior was well coordinated. This specialization allows them to grow, and evolving into new elaborate purposes. These cells have a true nucleus, bound by a double membrane. Prokaryotic cells have no nucleus. The purpose of the nucleus is to sequester the DNA- functions of the eukaryotic cell into chamber for increased efficiency. This function is unnecessary for the prokaryotic cell, because it is much smaller in size; materials within the cell are close together. There is an area of nuclear DNA unbound by a membrane called a nucleoid. Eukaryotic cells are larger, more advanced and have a higher output of energy in comparison to Prokaryotes. Lynn Margulis (1970) defined the hypothesis of Endosymbiosis as the engulfment of one cell by another larger cell, with the engulfed cell evolving into an organelle. Margulis claimed that as a result of communal and parasitic lives, bacterial cells turned into plants and animals through endosymbiosis. In this theory, plant cells developed when a cyanobacteria (chloroplast) was swallowed by another bacterial cell and animal cells were formed through mitochondria being engulfed by host cell. Another example is between a termite and microorganisms in its gut. The termite consumes wood, but it cannot digest it, the protozoan’s in the termite's gut break down the cellulose into simple sugars which both organisms can digest. When the protozoa digest the wood cellulose, they release acetic acid and other acids that the host termite is able to metabolize. Thus, the termite and the protozoan uniquely supply food for each other (Applied and Environmental Microbiology 2005). The origin of the eukaryotic cell was important, since they include all complex cells and almost all multi-cellular organisms. The timing these events is hard to determine, each hypothesis have there own evidence that support itself. Until further evidence can be found scientists can only speculate on the origins of Eukaryotes.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Bullying and Harassment in Australia - 689 Words

Organisations within Australia have a legal obligation to prevent bullying and harassment. The Fair Work Commission, Australia’s national workplace relations tribunal, states that â€Å"bullying at work† occurs when â€Å"a person or a group of people repeatedly behaves unreasonably towards a worker or a group of workers at work and the behaviour creates a risk to health and safety.†(Fair Work Commission 2014).The legislation in Australia, implemented from the 1st of January 2014, dictates that a worker in a constitutionally covered business who reasonably believes that he or she has been bullied at work can apply to the Fair Work Commission for an order to stop the bullying .If the Fair Work Commission finds that the worker has been bullied and there is a risk that it will continue, it can order the bullying to stop. Bullying behaviour may also be discrimination based on age, disability, sex, pregnancy, race, disability, sexual orientation, religious belief or a ctivity or other attribute protected by the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Fair Work Commission 2014). According to Metz (2011), women are being deprived of opportunities and being squeezed out of organisations due to preconceptions about their dedication to a long term role, based on outdated gender stereotypes. In general, women experience higher rates of harassment at work, compared to men(McLaughlin, Uggen and Blackstone 2012). Bullying and harassment within the workplace can be attributed to a myriad of factors. The workShow MoreRelatedThe Issues Of Discrimination And Harassment1575 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction This essay explores the issues of Discrimination and Harassment, in particular, the legal obligations, protection and resources available to human service clients, within Australia and specifically Queensland. 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Unfortunately this seems not to be the only time such behaviour occurs. Workplace bullying and harassment can be defined as ‘Offending, socially excluding someone or negatively affecting someone’s work tasks. It can occur repeatedly and regularly over a periodRead MoreCyber Bullying : Bullying And Bullying1435 Words   |  6 PagesLet’s start off with drawing a fine line where harassment starts. Harassment is defined as, aggressive pressure or intimidation. Harassment starts usually when your contentment towards someone ends. While sitting behind a computer screen, it is easy to express this and seem powerful or intimidating.. Do you not know what you are doing to others though? Research studies show that, as of 2014, over half of young people report being cyber bullied. Everyday teenagers experience a form of cyberbullyingRead MoreIntroduction. Bullies Exist In Every Work Place Within1560 Words   |  7 Pagesgrow into ones, others who grow out of being bullies, and some who continue growing as bullies. The focus of this paper will be exploring the bullying dilemma in the work place as well as the various types of bullying one may witness within the work environment. To bring about a more focused image, the topic will be more specific on the occurrence of bullying in the health care industry and the different factors and individuals involved in this intimidating technique. The healthcare industry involvesRead MoreBullying Essay804 Words   |  4 PagesBullying 1. Bullying is constant harassment that is either physical, mental, cyber or social bullying. An example of physical bullying is if someone consistently hits you such as if every day at school they hit you that can be classed as physical bullying. A form of mental or emotional bullying is if someone calls you names and is derogatory towards you. These words will make you sad and possibly feel unwanted. Cyber bullying is when someone messages you things either on your phone or some messagingRead MoreHistory of Bullying Behavior in Middle-age Schools in Other Countries1605 Words   |  7 PagesHistory of Bullying Behavior in Middle-age Schools in Other Countries The phrase bullying has altered significantly over time. During the 18th and 19th centuries, bullying was mostly considered as physical or vocal harassment usually related to bereavement, strong segregation or extortion in school kids. Any form of aggressive behaviour was merely taken as naughtiness and a standard component of early days. Actually, bullying was considered to be a naive misadventure among school going boys (SmithRead MoreDiversity Analysis : Palazzo Versace Gold Coast Australia1092 Words   |  5 Pages Palazzo Versace Gold Coast Australia Diversity Policy Table of Contents 1.0 Purpose i 2.0 Policy Statement i 3.0 Definitions ii 4.0 Implementation/management ii 5.0 Policies and Procedures iii 5.1 Recruitment iii 5.2 Interviewing iv 5.3 Selection iv 5.4 Training and Development iv 6.0 Bullying and Harassment iv 7.0 Feedback v 8.0 Signature Date of Employee v 1.0 Purpose Australia has one of the most diverse populations in the world. Workplace diversity is aboutRead MoreTorts Laws Offer Compensation Individuals Harmed By The Unreasonable Actions Of Others1311 Words   |  6 Pagesnegligence. Recently, several cases have occurred whereby negligence and bullying are interconnected with students suing their schools for failing to enforce anti-bullying policies and causing injury to their well being. A current case includes Maya Williams suing her former high school for negligence in regards to the enforcement of their anti-bullying policy. By looking into a precedent case, elements of negligence, and how bullying affects a student, we will be able to determine the probably outcome